BIO - BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

BIO-101 General Biology I

This is the first course in a two-semester sequence in general biology. The course introduces the fundamental principles of biology and their relationships to society. Lecture topics include: an introduction to science, basic chemistry, cell biology, metabolism, genetics, and a survey of the Prokaryotae, Protists, and Fungi. Laboratory exercises develop a proficiency in the use of laboratory equipment and guide students in investigations of biochemistry, cell biology and metabolism, genetics, microbiology, protists, and fungi. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-103 The Human Body

This is a one-semester course that is concerned with basic chemistry, the human cell, tissues, and the musculoskeletal, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. The course includes a survey of metabolism and fluid/electrolyte balance. Lectures are supplemented by writing assignments and discussions. Laboratory exercises include microscopy, dissection, and anatomical and physiological experiments that complement the lecture. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-104 Microbiology

This is a laboratory science course that emphasizes the principles of biology as they apply to microorganisms. The morphology, anatomy, physiology, growth, metabolism, nutrition, control, and identification of the various microbes, genetics including recombination technology, industrial and clinical case studies in microbiology are discussed. Representative laboratory exercisesinclude staining procedures, media preparation, pure culture techniques, culture identification, and serology. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-107 Introduction to Human Biology

This course is a human anatomy and physiology course intended for the non-biology major. Biological principles are taught by examining human body systems, homeostasis, and disease. This information, relevant because it applies to their own bodies, will help students understand medical issues, appreciate the importance of exercise and nutrition in maintaining health, and consider environmental concerns including the health effects of pollution and overpopulation. Laboratory exercises include experimentation, microscopy, and dissection. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-108 Introduction to Environmental Biology

This course investigates humans and their interactions with the environment. Topics covered include fundamental aquatic and terrestrial ecology, air and water pollution, world population problems, loss of biodiversity, pesticides, solid waste problems and an extensive review of energy problems and their solutions. Laboratories include measurements of various environmental pollutants, analysis of environmental parameters and descriptive and practical reinforcement of lecture material. General Education Course. Lecture [3.00] Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-109 Anatomy and Physiology I

This course is an introduction to the basic principles of human anatomy and physiology that emphasizes some common diseases in relation to the various body systems. Among the topics considered is the basic plan of the body, tissues, the skeletal system, the muscular system, articulations, cardiovascular system, and the respiratory system. Lectures are supplemented by writing assignments, discussion, and laboratory sessions that include dissection and elementary physiology experiments. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-119 Intense Wolf Study

This course focuses on wolves and explores the conflicts between humans and wildlife management. Taught at the International Wolf Center in Ely, Minnesota, during the winter semester break, students will study captive wolves as well as wolves in their natural habitat. Lecture topics include the biology and ecology of the gray wolf, Canis lupus. Afternoon and evening sessions involve field work and independent study. Lecture [1.00] Laboratory [6.00].

Credits

3

BIO-130 People-Plant Relationships

This course explores the effects of plants on biological organisms that influence human economic, social and psychological behavior. The course will focus on two major themes: 1] plants as sources of food, shelter, clothing, drugs, and industrial raw material; and 2] the influence of plant life on human cultural diversity, biotechnology, medicine, and conservation efforts. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-131 General Botany

This course is an introduction to the biology of plants. The course includes an analysis of plant structure and function, an explanation of the principles of plant genetics, an exploration of plant evolution, and an examination of plant ecology. The importance of plants to people will be illustrated through discussions of people's ecological and economic dependence upon plants.The course content will be presented through lectures, demonstrations, and laboratory exercises. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

BIO-203 General Biology II

This course explores the evolution and biodiversity of representative organisms in the plant and animal kingdoms. Studies of plants investigate diversity, structure, and the physiology of absorption, transport, and photosynthesis. Students will examine the structure and life cycles of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. In a unit on Ecology, students will learn how living organisms interact with their environment. Laboratory exercises utilizing observation, experimentation, microscopy, and dissections provide practical demonstrations of the topics covered in lecture. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101

BIO-209 Anatomy and Physiology II

This course continues the study of human anatomy and physiology. Among the topics considered are the digestive system, metabolism, urinary system, fluid and electrolyte balance, the nervous system, the endocrine system, and the reproductive system. Lectures are supplemented by writing assignments, discussion and laboratory sessions that include dissection and elementary physiology experiments. >General Education Course. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-109; minimum grade C

BIO-210 Introduction to Biotechnology

This course is designed to give students both a theoretical background and a working knowledge of the instrumentation and techniques employed in a biotechnology laboratory. Emphasis will be placed on the introduction of foreign DNA into bacterial cells, as well as the analysis of nucleic acids [DNA and RNA] and proteins. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101

BIO-211 Introduction to Bioinformatics

This course is designed to give students both a theoretical background and a working knowledge of the techniques employed in bioinformatics. Emphasis will be placed on biological sequence [DNA, RNA, protein] analysis and its applications. Lecture [2. 00], Laboratory [2.00].

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO-101, BIO-210

BIO-217 Sustainability in Nature

Our Earth's systems, natural and human, are experiencing sudden and dramatic changes that challenge their sustainability. The principles and practices of sustainability need to be interdisciplinary so that current needs are met without compromising the needs of future generations. This course provides a fundamental knowledge of these topics and the balance of the multiple interactions. Discussions will include responsible environmental stewardship through the actions of individuals and of private &public sectors. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00] . General Education Course:

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-108; BIO-130; or, BIO-131

BIO-221 Comparative Anatomy

This course is a study of the body structures of some representative vertebrate animals and of their functional and evolutionary relationships. Laboratory exercises include detailed dissection of the Lamprey eel, the dogfish shark, the mud puppy, the cat and other animals. Lecture [3.00]; laboratory [3.00] 

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101, BIO-203

BIO-222 Embryology

This course is the study of vertebrate embryonic development from gametogenesis and fertilization to the development of the body organs. Laboratory exercises include experiments with living sea urchins, Japanese madeka fish, frogs, and chick embryos, as well as microscopic examination of the various sections of the embryos. Lecture [3.00]; Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101; BIO-203

BIO-224 Environmental Microbiology

This is a course concerning bacteria and other microorganisms and their role in the environment. Topics will include an introduction to the main groups of microorganisms and their physiology, soil microbiology, cycles of elements, aquatic microbiology, sewage treatment, bioremediation, and applied microbiology encompassing food microbiology, industrial microbiology, and biotechnology. Lecture [3.00]; Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101; BIO-203

BIO-225 Invertebrate Zoology

This is a survey of the organisms without backbones, the invertebrates. Topics include the taxonomic concepts of cladistics versus the Linnaean phylogenetic study of these organisms. Concepts such as prostomates vs. deuterostomates, the development of the coelom, metamorphosis, etc., will be discussed. Laboratory sessions include external and internal examinations [dissections]of these organisms and descriptive and practical reinforcement of lecture materials. Lecture [3.00], Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101, BIO-203

BIO-227 Principles of Ecology

This course introduces students to terrestrial and aquatic ecology. Topics covered include abiotic characteristics of ecosystems as well as detailed discussions of populations, communities, ecosystems and biomes. Discussions also include such topics as ecological succession and paleoecology. Qualitative and quantitative data of ecosystems is gathered during the early part of the semester in which ecological data will be collected during field experiences. These data will be analyzed during the second half of the semester in the laboratory. Statistical analysis and report writing will also be stressed. Lecture [3.00] Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101, BIO-203

BIO-228 Introduction to Marine Biology

This course provides a basic introduction to marine environments, emphasizing ecological principles governing marine life throughout the world. Topics include basic oceanography, marine ecological systems, planktonic communities, deep-sea biology, subtidal and intertidal ecology, estuarine and coral reef communities, human impact, mariculture and pollution. Lab sessions will include in-house lab exercises, field experiences, analysis of data, group projects and report writing. Lecture [3.00] Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101, BIO-203

BIO-229 Tropical Marine Ecology

This course covers characteristics of populations, communities, and ecosystems found in tropical regions. Taught at the Keys Marine Laboratory in Long Key, Florida, during the spring semester break, students will study coral reef, structure and ecology, the intertidal zone, mangrove and terrestrial communities, interstitial organisms, and trophic relationships. Lab sessions will include field experiences, group projects and report writing. Lecture [3.00] Laboratory [3.00].

Credits

4

Prerequisites

BIO-101, BIO-203

BIO-250 Physiological Actions Of Cannabinoids In Humans

This course focuses on the medical uses of the active compounds THC and CBD found in cannabis. Health issues responsive to treatment with cannabis-derived compounds are discussed in non-technical terms, along with explanations of how clinically positive outcomes employing these treatments have been achieved. Side effects associated with the use of these substances are also addressed. Projects assigned to students supplement the material covered in lecture. Lecture [3.00].

Credits

3

Prerequisites

BIO-101

BIO-251 Commercial Practices Used In the Cultivation of Cannabis Species

This course will explore the controlled atmosphere production facilities for medical cannabis (greenhouse and Growth Chamber) and field production of industrial hemp. The environmental, biological, chemical and cultural practices used in cannabis cultivation will be discussed and demonstrated under greenhouse and field conditions. Student projects and hands on research will be a significant portion of the laboratory sessions. Lecture [2.00] Lab [2.0].

Credits

3

Prerequisites

HRT-102, HRT-232